Cystic acne is a common skin condition that can happen to anyone. It is a severe form of acne that is usually very painful and can cause scarring. This form of acne is caused by an overproduction of sebum which helps protect your hair follicles and skin. When there is excessive sebum and an overgrowth of skin cell, it can lead to clogged pores.
Clogged pores are a minefield for potential Propionibacterium acnes bacteria to enter into the pore. Once the bacteria enters the pore, the Propionibacterium acnes quickly begins to grow rapidly and causes a huge, painful pimple on your face.
The wrong type of cystic acne treatment can cause ugly pitted skin or scarring. Cystic acne is difficult to treat and usually requires the help of a dermatologist.
Defining Cystic Acne
A Cystic Acne is a common skin condition, a blemish that is deeply embedded under the surface of your skin. This kind of problem can be painful and does not come to head like a typical pimple or acne does. Cystic acne commonly develops in your teens or early 20s. However, it can also be present for someone as young as 8 or as old as 50. A cystic acne is an intense form of acne that results in large, inflamed cysts and nodules that appear on the skin.
Many experts in skin care believe that most women experience cystic acne when they have hormonal changes around their menstrual cycle. You will most likely see it appear on the jawline, chin, or lower part of the face. Compared to any other kind of pimples or acne, these are the hardest to ignore, because they can also be painful. Also, it is likely that this covers a larger part of your skin.
Usually, most people run to their dermatologists to get treatments and to help relieve their acne symptoms. However, this can be expensive, so if you do not have the time (or money) to visit your skin expert’s office, consider these next best treatments.
One thing you need to remember; cystic acne goes deeper into the skin than regular acne. Popping this acne is not a good idea, and it does not help because it may lead to a deeper infection. Also, over-the-counter medicines that work on milder acne typically have little effect on cystic acne. Your dermatologist will likely recommend these alternative treatments.
- Oral antibiotics can help control some bacteria and lower inflammation caused by the infection. There are times when acne may not respond to antibiotics, so let your doctor know if your acne doesn’t begin to clear up quickly.
- Change your birth control pills. Women have changes in the hormones when using birth control pills. Inform your doctor right away if your birth control pill is causing acne breakouts.
- Prescribe creams, lotions, or gels with retinol which can help unclog your pores, as well as, vitamin A which helps in healing.
- Isotretinoin this substance attacks all causes of acne. Your dermatologist will prescribe this medication to help control cystic acne. The recommended dosage for these medications is to take a pill once or twice daily for about 5 months. For most people, this clears the skin completely and permanently. Plus it is an effective treatment for cystic acne and milder blemishes.
- For a more natural approach, you can ice the acne to help constrict the small blood vessels which feed the cyst. Ice provides an immediate relief and causes a reduction in size and redness.
- Change your diet – there are studies that claim consuming cheese and ice cream can cause cystic acne breakouts. To know if dairy has a certain effect on your acne or pimple breakout, cut consumption for at least two weeks. If you do not develop any new cysts, it is likely that it has an immediate effect on your acne.
Maintaining healthy skin is important to avoid development of cystic acne. Always wash your face at night to get rid dust, excessive sebum, dry skin, and makeup. Washing your face at night will help prevent acne including cystic acne. Gentle exfoliation can also help encourage new and healthy skin cell growth.