The amount of sleep that you get on a daily basis depends on many factors. However, it is important that you get adequate rest to let your body reenergize and allow your cells to repair themselves. In general, you must get the enough sleep that is proportionate to your age.
- Infants need about 12-15 hours a day
- Toddlers need about 11-14 hours a day.
- Pre-school aged children need 10-13 hours a day.
- School-age children need about 9-11 hours a day.
- Teenagers require around 8.5-9.5 hours on average.
- Adults will need 7 to 9 hours a night for the best amount of sleep. Nonetheless, some people may need as few as 6 hours or as many as 10 hours of sleep on a daily basis.
- Women in their first three months of pregnancy often need several more hours of sleep than usual.
According to experts, when you feel drowsy at some point during the day, it means you are not getting enough sleep at night.
Understanding Sleep Debt
When you get too little sleep over the past few days, your body starts to feel as if in a “sleep debt.” Sleep debt is much like being overdrawn on your bank account. Your body will eventually demand that you repay this debt by producing less energy and lowering your immunity. A lot of people share that even when they get a little sleep, their bodies can cope. However, even when you feel that you can get enough sleep, your judgment, reaction time, and other functions may still be impaired.
Consequences of Getting Little Sleep
When you get too little sleep, it is very likely that you have:
- Memory and judgment problems
- Weakened immunity and increasing your chances of getting sick
- Reduced reaction time
- Increased perception of pain
- Weight gain
Dangers of Having Inadequate Sleep
Numerous studies indicate that not getting enough sleep can be dangerous to the health. In a certain study done, sleep-deprived people agreed to be tested using a driving simulator were unable to perform hand-eye coordination tasks. The study also shows that having a poor sleep can even be worse than those who are driving intoxicated.
According to a statistics released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, driver fatigue is responsible for an estimated 83,000 motor vehicle accidents and about 850 deaths every year. Many experts, however, believe that the numbers of accidents are likely even higher than what is reported. Drowsiness is the brain’s last step before you start falling asleep and driving while drowsy can easily lead to accidents.
Drowsiness is the brain’s last step before you start falling asleep and driving while drowsy can easily lead to accidents.
Caffeine and other stimulants cannot overcome the effects of having sleep debt or sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation magnifies the effects of alcohol to the body. A person who is feeling fatigued and they start drinking it can mean double the danger.
Other Dangerous Effect of Lack of Sleep
Sleep deprivation can increase the risk of developing several chronic illnesses. It is estimated that 90 percent of those who suffer from lack of sleep also suffer from a chronic health issue including:
- Heart disease
- Heart failure
- Heart attack
- Irregular heartbeat
- High blood pressure
Furthermore, lack of adequate sleep is also linked to depression, poor learning process, poor skin, and much more. Your body requires adequate and restful sleep in order to function properly. Life is often hectic and there are a number of distractions that can wreck your sleep schedule.